Hoyo Negro is the most important Paleoindian site discovered in the last decade. The complete, well-preserved skeleton of a young girl from the Late Pleistocene period rests at the floor of a large chamber inside an underwater cave in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. Remains of extinct megafauna are scattered about the floor and walls of the chamber, some of them commingled with the skeleton of the girl.
Giant ground sloths, gomphotheres (extinct elephant-like animals related to mastodons), saber-toothed cats, and many other animals found their resting place inside the cave when the tunnels and the Pit were mostly dry.
This now submerged site provides the preface for a yet untold story about human and beast’s constant struggle to survive on a prehistoric landscape so different than today’s.
Recent and ongoing studies focus on detailed site mapping and documentation, paleontology, paleoanthropology, paleoecology, and sea level change, and the processes of site formation.